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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-111

Re-emergent tremor in patients with Parkinson’s disease: an imaging study


1 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neuroimaging and Interventional Radiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Pramod K Pal
Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Hosur Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AOMD.AOMD_36_19

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Re-emergent tremor (ReT) is the tremor that reappears after a variable period of latency while maintaining posture. Little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to the origin of this silent period (SP). Our aim was to compare the imaging characteristics of patients with and without ReT and find the structural correlate of SP if any. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with ReT (Group 1) and eighteen patients without ReT (patients with rest tremor and postural tremor, but no latency) were evaluated clinically, electrophysiologically, with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and voxel-based morphometry (VBM). DTI parameters of different regions of interest were analyzed and compared with that of 37 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of age, duration of disease, levodopa equivalent dose, or severity of the disease. However, in the left supplementary motor area (SMA), there was a significant reduction of fractional anisotropy and an increase of radial diffusivity and mean diffusivity in patients with ReT (Group 1) as compared to patients without ReT (Group 2) and healthy controls. The results of the VBM analysis were not significant. CONCLUSION: The presence of abnormality of SMA suggests that patients with ReT have a different pathophysiological mechanism as compared to patients without ReT. This is a novel finding implicating a possible contribution of the frontal lobe to the genesis of SP in ReT. ReT could be a distinct clinical entity within the tremor dominant subtype.


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