Annals of Movement Disorders

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21--27

Analysis of gait in Parkinson’s disease reflecting the effect of l-DOPA


Banashree Mondal, Supriyo Choudhury, Rebecca Banerjee, Koustav Chatterjee, Sayam Ghosal, Sidharth S Anand, Hrishikesh Kumar 
 Department of Neurology, RGCM Research Centre, Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hrishikesh Kumar
Department of Neurology and RGCM Research Centre, Institute of Neurosciences Kolkata, 185/1 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata 700017, West Bengal, India.
India

BACKGROUND: Gait instability is one of the disabling clinical features of majority of patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease (PD). It is partially responsive to dopamine replacement therapy. Precise evaluation of distinct l-DOPA-sensitive and l-DOPA-resistant gait profiles might help in planning therapy of PD patients with gait disorder.METHOD: In this cross-sectional analytical study, we measured the gait parameters of 70 patients and 37 healthy participants using a 6.1-m long electronic walkway containing thousands of pressure sensors embedded in a carpet. The patients were evaluated in their OFF and ON phases of l-DOPA medication, and the data were compared with age- and gender-matched healthy controls.RESULTS: Except for the cadence, most gait parameters including velocity, stride length, and step length were deranged in PD patients. The mean velocity was significantly higher among healthy volunteers (99.19cm/s) compared to PD patients (73.90cm/s, P value 0.0001). However, the mean cadence was comparable between healthy and patient groups (103.29 vs. 103.39, P value 0.966). Certain temporal parameters (cadence, cycle time, and swing time) were nonresponsive to the dopaminergic therapy.CONCLUSION: On the basis of the findings, we propose that l-DOPA treatment improves most of the spatiotemporal gait parameters but cannot completely eliminate the risk of fall.


How to cite this article:
Mondal B, Choudhury S, Banerjee R, Chatterjee K, Ghosal S, Anand SS, Kumar H. Analysis of gait in Parkinson’s disease reflecting the effect of l-DOPA.Ann Mov Disord 2019;2:21-27


How to cite this URL:
Mondal B, Choudhury S, Banerjee R, Chatterjee K, Ghosal S, Anand SS, Kumar H. Analysis of gait in Parkinson’s disease reflecting the effect of l-DOPA. Ann Mov Disord [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 16 ];2:21-27
Available from: http://www.aomd.in/article.asp?issn=2590-3446;year=2019;volume=2;issue=1;spage=21;epage=27;aulast=Mondal;type=0