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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-77

Effectiveness of Tai chi and Qigong on motor and cognitive functions in Parkinson’s disease: A preliminary study

1 Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Keshav Janakiprasad Kumar
Department of Clinical Psychology, 3rd Floor, Dr. M. V. Govindaswamy Block, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bengaluru 560029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AOMD.AOMD_11_19

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BACKGROUND: There is an emerging role of various non-pharmacological strategies in the management of motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the effectiveness of Tai chi and Qigong on cognitive and motor functions, emotions, and quality of life in patients with PD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seven subjects with mean age of 50.2 years, education of 11.71 years, and duration of PD of 6.03 years underwent four-week training of Qigong and Tai chi. They received one session per week under supervision and daily two 45-min practice sessions at home following instructions from the manual. Participants were assessed before and after intervention on neuropsychological tests, Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (motor section), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39). RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in executive functions, verbal memory, and reduced scores on clinical scales (UPDRS III, HAM-A, PDQ-39). CONCLUSION: Combined practice of Tai chi and Qigong improves motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. However, well-designed randomized controlled trials and longitudinal studies are required to understand its full potential.

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